When we look at Northern Ireland as a whole we see a political geography that is just as divided and demarcated. Simon: You grew up. It can be religiously cloaked, it can be religiously justified, but it’s a big claim to say that it’s religiously motivated. Imagine you are growing up in a conflict zone. The period known as “the Troubles” began in 1968 and lasted for 30 years. Yet from the Old Testament through to the Crusades and the inquisitions, Christian history is full of violence. How does your house system create a sense of belonging and inclusion? Is Derry predominantly catholic or protestant? Demographics have always been relevant for the state to consider. There is no crosses on that wall, there’s no other stuff like that. Has Christianity been a major contributor to war? This is about a war of independence. Do you understand? Jim argues that religion was “used too readily to cover this conflict”. 48% Protestant - 45% Catholic (2011 Census). What observations can you make about these images of murals that depict something about the “Troubles” in Northern Ireland? Ireland is Pagan with a thin layer of Christianity, both Catholic and Protestant - while Protestants are traditionally concentrated in Northern Ireland, there are plenty of them living in the Republic and have been for generations. ‘Summer of 69 mural’ by Udri available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/udri/14277608973 under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.0 Licence. Because if we think about it here, you’re not seeing one thing about anything religious here. And how violent is that area (how often are there riots there, UDA and IRA conflicts, etc. In 1539, Henry dissolved the monasteries in Ireland. I would not deliberately seek out a Southern Protestant as if there was some connection or imperative to do so. Write a scenario that describes the possible escalation of events that could occur. The events that meant it was necessary for British troops to be sent in stretch back a long way. Northern Ireland is … What further insights does this give you about the experience of the “Troubles” in Northern Ireland? So how do people who claim a Christian faith, reconcile what happened here with what they believe? Also, how do we avoid the British Army? In 1979 the Pope got down on his knees here, and said, “Please, please, stop the violence”. "According to the last census in 2011, Protestants outnumbered Catholics in Northern Ireland by just three percent," reported the news agency. There are Catholics who accept the universal jurisdiction of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. Unlike Southern Ireland, which would become the Irish Free State in 1922, the majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists, who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. There are also many other religions here: Judaism, Islam, and the Hare Krishnas, to name but a few. The Republic of Ireland is predominantly Catholic with a Protestant minority. Conflict between Protestants and Catholics in Ireland The troubles The country of Ireland, which is known for its beautiful scenery, is divided into two parts. The use of the term ‘Northern Ireland’ to describe the region after the Isles was outlawed was, in fact, to deal a blow to the British power-brokers. Full terms at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/, Watch the segment: Catholic vs Protestant: The Troubles of Northern Ireland, Copyright © Centre for Public Christianity 2020 All Rights Reserved. List three instructions given in this passage. Catholics wait nearly twice as long to be housed than their Protestant counterparts in Northern Ireland, according to official statistics. Do you see the change? Write an “open letter” on social media addressing those who bombed the shop. 48% Protestant - 45% Catholic (2011 Census) Why did the Catholic and Protestant fight? In what ways do the values in this passage, and the actions of Jesus, contrast with the actions of those involved in the “Troubles”. And I don’t think it’s a claim that can be sustained. But there’s no question that religion, when used as an identity marker, can be a potent force in ramping up an “us versus them” mentality. What is difference between ballad and ode? Imagine if another house sabotaged yours in a way that made you lose an important competition. This segment looks at the 30-year period known as the “Troubles” in Northern Ireland and discusses the complicated ways in which religion was caught up in the conflict. It’s simply not true that the majority of human conflict then or now is religiously based. It really wasn't, even on Monday when the come-down kicked in. The period known as “the Troubles” began in 1968 and lasted for 30 years. [49] The Troubles (Irish: Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century. Imagine you have been given the opportunity to paint your own wall mural in Belfast to encourage peace. How long will the footprints on the moon last? I’m ashamed that the name of Christ has ever been associated with a bomb or an AK47, for the simple reason that people who do that are not following Christ, they are disobeying him. Economic, familial and cultural ties have bound them together over the centuries, but without a common identity to unite them. Northern Ireland discovered Ecstasy and nothing was ever the same again. It really wasn't, even on Monday when the come-down kicked in. And my reaction to it is quite simple and very direct – I’m utterly ashamed of it. On one side of the equation were the Unionists, also known as Loyalists – the Protestants. The first prime minister of Northern Ireland, James Craig, boasted of "a Protestant parliament for a Protestant state". On the other side were the Nationalists, or Republicans – the Catholics. The Catholic-Protestant ratio is important, as there is a high correlation between Catholics identifying as Nationalist and Protestants identifying as Unionist. For this reason it is incorrect to refer to members of the Church of Ireland as ‘non–Catholic’. There is no time when they st… Find a recent news story about an act of violence where religion was involved. SIMON SMART: The question of religious violence hasn’t gone away. For information on recent communal conflicts in Northern Ireland, see the Troubles. During the English Reformation in the 1530s, the Irish Parliament gained the support of some bishops for royal supremacy. Northern Ireland is predominantly Protestant, but there are still many Catholics.48% Protestant - 45% Catholic (2011 Census) How have the followers of a crucified leader managed to get things so wrong? Following the reform of local government in Northern Ireland the twenty-six districts created in 1973 were replaced with eleven "super districts". The Government of Ireland Act 1920 partitioned the island of Ireland into two separate jurisdictions, Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland, both devolved regions of the United Kingdom. For this reason it is incorrect to refer to members of the Church of Ireland as ‘non–Catholic’. CATHOLIC-PROTESTANT RELATIONS IN IRELAND 19 lives even in the south, and it is still possible for a Protestant to be born, grow up, live and die in Dublin without having more than a nodding acquaintance with Catholics. Why might religious people resort to violence? This led to the passing of the Act of Supremacy in 1536, which declared King Henry VIII of England to be the head of the Church of Ireland. It is both Protestant and Catholic. SIMON SMART: The Troubles came to an end on Good Friday 1998, when the key parties reached a peace agreement after 30 years of conflict. It is both Protestant and Catholic. Rowan Williams says that turning a conflict that is mainly about something else into a. Geographically speaking, most of Ireland is within the predominantly Catholic Irish Republic. 1. The Catholic-Protestant ratio is import… Actually, there are three groups : Catholics, Protestants and Anglo-Irish. This How could religion be a powerful motivator for violence? Northern Ireland discovered Ecstasy and nothing was ever the same again. (For the most part) I've seen conflicting information about this. Write a paragraph describing your imaginary historical event. The terms Protestant and Catholic are not really opposites. Download this essay Print Save Words: 1126 Pages: 5 The Practice Of Employment Words: 2969 There are two main Christian denominations - Protestant and Catholic. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Northern Ireland: where Protestants and Catholics don’t need to be Protestants or Catholics Posted: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 by Roy Fisher Northern Ireland's equalities practices are furthering the harmful narrative that the country is made up of two communities and restricting citizens' ability to decide their own religious identities, says Roy Fisher. Short answer: Northern-Irish is the safest bet if you don't know the person you are talking to, or talking about residents of Northern Ireland in general. But the change being today that when my kids get out of bed in the morning they say, well we have to go to work to get our mortgage paid. Their stated goal was to join the Republic of Ireland, which had won its independence in 1921. Who were the two groups clashing in Northern Ireland and what did they want? Jim lived through it, and now takes tourists around significant sites. Actually, there are three groups : Catholics, Protestants and Anglo-Irish. CONVERSATION: What are the side effects of the shingles vaccine? Northern Ireland is predominantly Protestant, but there are still many Catholics. What evidence does he give? There are Catholics who accept the universal jurisdiction of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. This is Belfast, Northern Ireland. comparing the biggest fears of children in Syria with those of their peers in relatively safe countries. )? What would it have been like to grow up with Jim’s concerns? But there are hundreds of ways to tell if someone is Protestant or Catholic: first names and last names are the easiest way, Liam Fitzpatrick is probably catholic, Andrew Wallace is probably Protestant. The incoherent and jumbled mix of areas left over from the Ulster Plantation of the early 17th century has left two communities – then known as the planters and the Gaels, now as Protestants and Catholics – frozen in separate but parallel lives. For many Christians, Holy Communion is central as it reminds them of Christ's sacrifice on the cross. How do you put grass into a personification? Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? Draw your mural, and explain how you chose your design. Northern Ireland is predominantly Protestant, but there are still many Catholics. …it is but one part of the picture which reveals that Northern Ireland is an integral part of the whole of Ireland and is a keystone of the constitutional position of the UK as the legal and constitutional seat of Northern Ireland. Christianity is the main religion in Northern Ireland. into Northern Ireland in 1969 In 1969 British Troops were sent into Ireland because Irish police could no longer cope with the violence between the Unionist Protestant population and the Catholic Nationist population. Is the Church of Ireland Protestant or Catholic? The one difference is about confession, as you can see. Also known internationally as the Northern Ireland conflict, it is sometimes described as an "irregular war" or "low-level war". Michael Houlihan may be the descendant of a MacDonough, a name with Scotch origins, who migrated from predominantly Protestant Northern Ireland to predominantly Catholic Southern Ireland and then married a Houlihan. They never, ever stopped to think murder is a mortal sin as we say in the church. Northern Ireland is predominantley Protestant (about 60% Protestant) and about 30% Catholic. Because I grew up in a situation where my parents lived in a town that was divided, and my parents who were Christian but were not sectarian believed that every man and woman is made in the image of God no matter what they believe, so he put that into practice by employing equally across the Protestant/Catholic divide and we were bombed because of that. When did organ music become associated with baseball? It represents a rise of 7.5%. The population of Northern Ireland, which has been predominantly Protestant since the state's founding in 1921, will likely be dominated by Catholics in three years, according to a new census, reported the Catholic News Agency on April 23. I know that the Catholics and Protestants are at each others throats so im trying to find out if she is going to be somewhat safe. The northern part, called also Northern Ireland belongs for today to the United Kingdom and covers about 13 800 km². Simon: And so that really dominated life? How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? The Republic of Ireland is historically a Catholic country and a large majority of the Irish are Catholics. Often cited as evidence that Christianity inevitably causes division and bloodshed. SIMON SMART: It’s fair to say that religious identity has been caught up in the struggle. What are the biggest differences? Identify how Jesus displayed the qualities and values in this passage, and write them on the mind map below. From the harassments and stuff like that. It continued on. The southern part ,called the Republic of Ireland belongs to Ireland and covers an area of over 70 000 km². The number of Orthodox Christians in Northern Ireland is estimated at about 3000 followers. The census reports do not distinguish between Protestant and other non-Catholic Christian faiths. Often cited as evidence that Christianity inevitably causes division and bloodshed. Protestants means Calvinist / Presbyterian, while Anglo-Irish are (often) Anglicans. This blog is not a proper statistical study, a full analysis would use far more detailed data and sophisticated analysis with a package like SPSS. JIM: I’ve always said religion was used too readily to cover this conflict. However, the It really wasn't, even on Monday when the come-down kicked in. This is more back of the envelope and a “straw man” in nature and is in no way definitive. Simon: So, you would have been a young man… But actually, it’s not true. Protestants means Calvinist / Presbyterian, while Anglo-Irish are (often) Anglicans. “We live in Northern Ireland and come to all the festivals,” said Moira Jackson, who met her husband in Israel in 1980, where they both converted to Judaism. JOHN LENNOX: I’m often asked, how is it possible to be a person who was born and lived in Northern Ireland and still remain committed to the Christian faith? The Troubles in Northern Ireland are often cited as evidence that Christianity leads to conflict. . Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. No they didn’t. Catholics now make up about two-fifths of the population, and their slightly higher birth rate has led to speculation that they eventually will become the larger of the “two communities.” Is Northern Ireland Catholic or protestant? Imagine you are John Lennox’s parents just after their shop was bombed. It really … Draw on themes from 1 Peter 3:8-12. This partition of Ireland was confirmed when the Parliament of Northern Ireland exercised its right in December 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 to "opt out" of the newly established Irish Free State. This segment comes from Episode 1: War + Peace. Many people in Northern Ireland are descendants of the original population of this region and are also Catholics. The 2011 UK census showed 40.8% Catholic, 19.1% Presbyterian Church, with the Church of Ireland having 13.7% and the Methodist Church 5.0%. What sort of event do you think of when you hear the title “The Troubles”? What are some examples of logical fallacies in Fahrenheit 451? Why does Peter say these instructions are good to follow? Many of the Protestants living far from Ulster decided to remain, but in border areas many Protestants decided that it was worth moving house so that when Home Rule took place they would be in part which did not get Home Rule (today's Northern Ireland). Northern Ireland: where Protestants and Catholics don’t need to be Protestants or Catholics Posted: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 by Roy Fisher Northern Ireland's equalities practices are furthering the harmful narrative that the country is made up of two communities and restricting citizens' ability to decide their own religious identities, says Roy Fisher. How was the childhood of Jim the taxi driver different to yours? Often, conflicts that we think of as religious, turn out to be, when we look more closely, about much more than just people’s spiritual beliefs. It also had an ethnic or sectarian dimension, but despite the use of the terms “Protestant” and “Catholic” to refer to the two sides, it was not a religious conflict. Members of other Christian churches comprised 5.8%, 17% stated they have no religion or did not state a religion, and members of non-Christian religions were 0.8%. What is your reaction to this quote from John Lennox? 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