Do not travel to the Central African Republic due to COVID-19, Embassy Bangui’s limited capacity to provide support to U.S. citizens, crime, civil unrest, kidnapping, and elections. 2015). Central African Republic borders the Republic of Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, the Republic of South Sudan to the east, the Republic of Cameroon to the west and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south. During the 2013 crisis, private companies suffered from insecurity and fell victim to looting, kidnapping, and damages to installations and offices (Crisis Group, … Corruption levels remains at all time high while poor governance continues to tear the beautiful country of Central African Republic into pieces. The police do not have authority over all parts of the country (BTI 2016). Traditional believers make about 35% of the total population. Malaria, leprosy, tuberculosis, nutritional diseases, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases are major health concerns in the country. Central African Republic has female literacy rate of just 44.2% which is one of the worst literacy rates in Africa today. Over the past two years, the United States has provided over $300 million of humanitarian, development, and security assistance in support of the C.A.R. 2015). 2014). Low productivity, weak markets and high gender inequality are all contributing factors, made worse by recurrent cycles of political crisis … The country gets 80 percent of its imports via a corridor linking the Cameroonian port, Douala to the capital, Bangui (Bloomberg, Feb. 2016). Cordaid in Central African Republic Health care. Daha has about 4,000 inhabitants and is located less than 200 meters from the shared border with Chad. The police do not have authority over all parts of the country (BTI 2016). 171,966 Central African refugees reside in camps in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Central African Republic is a GPE partner country But the Central African Republic is one of 59 developing country partners of the Global Partnership for Education. Central African Republic remains one of the HIV/AIDS killing zones in Africa with an HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate of 4.7%. We are improving the quantity and quality of health services provided to 1,638,000 Central Africans (1,227,366 consultations and 61,917 assisted births in 2017). CAR has ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, but efforts to curtail corruption are minimal. Corruption when acquiring public services is a comparatively low risk, as the state fails to deliver basic public services. 38% of children suffer from chronic malnutrition, while another 10% suffer from acute malnutrition. Baya the most dominant ethnic group makes up about 33% of the total population followed by Banda with 27%. Strengthening Peacekeeping in Central African Republic, Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2015, Blood Timber: How Europe played a significant role in funding war in the Central African Republic, Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2014. International Committee of the Red Cross: “Displaced in the Central African Republic: Between a rock and a hard place”, 29 February 2016. Despite support from the local police and from various international bodies, companies should note that law enforcement is weak (Amnesty International, Feb. 2016). Most recently, Central African Republic has witnessed several religious clashes especially between Christians and Muslims in the country. The Human Development Index ranked it 188 of 189 countries (52 in Africa) in 2018. In addition to HIV/AIDS, other deadly diseases such as Malaria (One of Malaria killing zones), bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, dengue fever, rabies, typhoid fever, schistosomiasis, etc. In 2014, transitional leader Samba-Panza was implicated in a corruption scandal involving the embezzlement of more than CFA one billion (USD 2 million) of the funds provided by Angola for the transitional government, but the audit commission looking into the issue was abandoned (HRR 2014). The widespread conflict within the country and the succession of several rebel movements has meant that the state does not have a monopoly on the use of force, and local security forces. In 2010, the National Committee to Fight Corruption provided a strategic document concerning the fight against corruption, but active efforts have been extremely limited (HRR 2014). Logging goes largely unchecked, and inspections are often paid for by the logging companies themselves (Global Witness, Jul. There is no data available on corruption in CAR’s public procurement; however, companies should note that pre-coup corruption was widespread, and the conflict is likely to have exacerbated the situation (ICS 2012). Companies are strongly recommended to use a specialized due diligence tool on public procurement in order to mitigate corruption risks associated with public procurement in the Central African Republic. 2015). The country's remote location has impeded its development and the government's efforts to exert its authority, a trend that will continue to hold the Central African Republic back. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world's poorest countries. There is a high risk of corruption in the customs administration. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel. ranks 188 out of 188 countries on the United Nations Human Development Index. The Central African Republic (CAR) is a presidential republic. In May 2016, Crisis Group warned against over-optimism after regular elections were held in the Central African Republic (CAR). As a result, many of the state-owned business entities have been privatized and limited efforts have been made to standardize and simplify labor and investment codes and to address problems of corruption. The ongoing insecurity hinders freedom of assembly and significantly impairs nongovernmental organizations or unions from operating effectively (FitW 2015). The NBC reports on the Central African Republic crisis begin Wednesday morning on the Today show (which starts airing at 7 a.m. The government has no control over territory in the South West of the country, and armed groups engage in illegal logging activities (Global Witness, Jul. The ongoing conflict exacerbates the situation and has around 435,000 people displaced throughout the country (ICRC, Feb. 2016). Although French remains the official language, there are several local and foreign languages spoken in Central Africa today (including Sangho [lingua franca] and national language). Crisis Group: The Central African Crisis: From Predation to Stabilization, 17 June 2014. The number of cases of sleeping sickness is increasing. The institution lacks resources, functions inefficiently, and has poorly trained staff (BTI 2016). Due to poverty, families do not have the means to suitably feed their children. Corruption in the police force is a high risk for businesses operating in the Central African Republic. 2014). More than 130000 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2012 with about 11,000 deaths recorded within the same year. About 40% of the total population of Central African Republic lives in urban areas in major cities and towns such Bangui the capital ( and biggest city). The Risk & Compliance Portal (formerly The Business Anti-Corruption Portal), is a free resource produced by GAN Integrity, a provider of all-in-one compliance software to help companies of all sizes manage regulatory and legal compliance. However, despite the abundance of natural resources, Central African Republic remains one of the poorest countries in the world today and among the 10 poorest countries in Africa. 2015). Washington Post: “Members of a U.N. peacekeeping force in the Central African Republic allegedly turned to sexual predation, betraying their duty to protect”, 27 February 2016. 2015). Gems, Warlords and Mercenaries: Russia’s Playbook in Central African Republic After meddling in the 2016 American election, Russia is using similar tactics in the Central African Republic. Especially during the civil war, wild animals were poached, sometimes in collusion with state officials (BTI 2016). Ever since gaining its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic has been plagued with political instability, underdevelopment, and waves of violent conflict. If the amount is inferior to CFA 100.000, punishment ranges from two to ten years’ imprisonment. Central African Republic has lost its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges in the world due mainly to poaching and deforestation. 2015). Clientelism, racketeering, and bribery have especially high risks for companies operating in the logging sector (Global Witness, Jul. Companies routinely receive officials on weekends and give them drinks and bribes of around CFA 100,000 to 130,00 (EUR 150-200), in order to ensure relevant documents are signed, and official papers are up-to-date (Global Witness, Jul. Apart from logging, poaching is a high risk in the CAR (The New Yorker, May 2015). Embezzlement or misappropriation of public funds carries a sentence of hard labor if the embezzled funds exceed CFA 100.000. A Periphery of a Periphery Greater part of the population lives in rural areas mostly as subsistence farmers who grow crops and rear animals just to feed themselves and their families. For civilians, this is filled by humanitarian aid agencies, or not at all (BTI 2016). For indeed many felt that the clear victory of Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the second round of the presidential election, in February 2016, marked a decisive step out of crisis. The New Yorker: “Elephant Watch”, 11 May 2015. 2015). Under the Bozizé government (2003-2013), civil society was excluded from most political, societal, and economic processes. Central African Republic Central African Republic has been in turmoil since a violent takeover of power in 2013. The Central African Republic, a transition country with a very long period of institutional and political instability, now faces an infrastructure deficit, youth unemployment, high social inequalities, and weak human capacities. Central African Republic has a literacy rate of 56.6% for the total population which implies about 56.6% of all Central Africans above the age 15 can at least read and write. Malaria infects a large portion of the... HIV/AIDS: The CAR has one of the highest rates of HIV in Central and Western Africa. Finally, those who are caught for attempted smuggling are rarely get prosecuted (Crisis Group, Jun. In the Central African Republic, malnutrition remains a serious problem. BANGUI, Central African Republic— The recent violence in the Central African Republic has plagued the nation and created an incredibly hostile environment. After a government coup in 2013, political instability and widespread violence significantly undermined the rule of law. The key transit route has been rehabilitated in 2014, and several border checks have been put in place during 2015 (DB 2016). The Central African Republic (C.A.R.) The widespread conflict within the country and the succession of several rebel movements has meant that the state does not have a monopoly on the use of force, and local security forces. Almost 3 million people residing in the C.A.R. While problems persist, the education sector has had much to gain from the introduction of decentralisation policies. Central African Republic remains one of the very few countries in Africa today where traditional African belief system (or voodoo) reigns supreme. United Nations Convention Against Corruption, specialized due diligence tool on public procurement, United Nations Convention against Corruption, Transformation Index – Central African Republic 2016, Mandated to Protect, Equipped to Succeed? Other ethnic groups include the Mboum (7% of the total population), M'Baka (4% of the total population), Yakoma (4% of the total population), the rest (2% of the total population). Central African Republic just like its neighboring countries is blessed with abundance of natural resources such as diamond, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower, etc. We provide medical care, water and sanitation services, and protection for vulnerable women and girls. 2015). With the lack of official service administration, the illegal economy prospers, and smuggling is widespread (Crisis Group, Jun. The legal framework regarding anti-corruption is inadequate and not enforced. Enforcing a contract takes businesses on average 660 days, and the cost in court and attorney fees amount to around 82 percent of the claim (DB 2016). Cameroonian truck drivers report regularly to being asked for bribes at the border, and on the route (Bloomberg, Feb 2016). In return, the officials protect or defend companies at ministerial meetings (Global Witness, Jul. ranks second to last in the 2018 Human Development Index, with around 79 percent of the country’s 4.7 million population estimated to be living in poverty. Just like in most other African countries, most of the leaders and political figures in Central African Republic today are very corrupt and inexperienced. Bangui contains about 850,000 people. Despite reports of irregularities, international observers reported the February 2016 presidential and legislative elections were free and fair. Trade in and out of the CAR is restricted by limited infrastructure, and the landlocked position of the country (BTI 2016). require humanitarian assistance. Diamonds make up around 50 percent of the country’s export earnings, but largely circumvents official channels (FitW 2015). In the absence of government control, public funds are frequently misappropriated; the special forest tax fund CAS-DF is known to be used by ministers to cover their travels abroad (Global Witness, Jul. At the heart of these problems is the Central African Republic's geography. The number of displaced people within the Central African Republic is much lower than at the peak of the violence in December and January, but the situation has become so … More than half of the country's 4.9 million population rely on humanitarian assistance. Corruption in the natural resource sector is a very high risk for companies operating in the CAR. Impunity is a problem in the conflict-torn country, undermining attempts to curb corruption (HRW 2016). Reportedly, Séléka groups set up informal roadblocks between the Cameroonian border and Bangui, extorting CFA 20,000 (EUR 30) from bypassing trucks (Global Witness, Jul. 2014). The Central African Republic is currently one of the world’s most serious humanitarian crises.The resurgence of violence since the end of 2017 has further exacerbated the humanitarian needs of already vulnerable communities and triggered massive population displacements. T he Central African Republic’s government decided to undertake wide-ranging state reforms in the 1990s, including a rewrite to the constitution to restructure strategic activities for the country’s development. Smuggling is very common, especially between Cameroon and Sudan (Crisis Group, Jun. Before the coup, corruption and political influence were pervasive in the judiciary (FitW 2015). Although Catholics and Protestants together make about 50% of the total population, animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority. The 2016 constitution established a By increasing food security and growing the agricultural sector of its economy, the government of the Central African Republic can … Malaria: The mosquito-spread disease is endemic to the Central African Republic. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one such state, having wavered in and out of conflict since its independence from France in 1960. Businesses face high fees when acquiring public services or licenses (DB 2016). 2014). Central African Republic has a total land area of about 622,984sq.km (about 2.9% of which is arable or land good for farming) and a population of about 5.2 million people with the population growth rate around 2.1%. The CAR Penal Code (in French) criminalizes passive and active bribery, undue benefits, embezzlement, abuse of office, favoritism and the offer, promise, or solicitation of gifts. The CAR’s population is primarily split between into two regions : most of the country’s minority Muslim population inhabits the Sahel, while the majority Christian community is located mainly in the savanna. Central African Republic like so many poor countries in Africa today, faces so many challenges including extreme poverty and hunger, poor education ( high illiteracy rate especially among girls), the deadly HIV/AIDS, natural hazards such as floods and desertification. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. The aftermath saw widespread violence as armed … Farmers grow cotton, coffee, and tobacco for export and crops for local markets, but economic development is handicapped by the CAR's landlocked position, limited infrastructure , and the low education of its work-force . Of note, 370,000 of these children … people’s efforts to find long-term stability and peace. The rate is at 4.9% and is one of... Cholera: In 2016, the … 2015). Although this literacy rate isn't the worst in Africa, this literacy rate falls far below expectation in Africa today. Today, SEFCA employs as its legal representative, Nicolas Tiangaye, Prime Minister under Séléka President Michel Djotodia, and also a potential candidate in the next presidential elections (Global Witness, Jul. Despite a peace and reconciliation agreement signed in February 2019, there are still about 600,000 internally displaced people in the Central African Republic due to armed conflict and insecurity. Muslims make up just about 15% of the total population. Bloomberg: “Cameroon Truckers Plying Corridors to Chad, Bangui Plan Strike”, 11 February 2016. The time for obtaining, preparing, and submitting documents during port or border handling, plus customs clearance and inspection procedures averages 161 hours when exporting, and 74 when importing (DB 2016). 61% of Central African refugees in the DRC are children. Logging companies commonly provide gifts to new political leaders when government changes occur, reportedly these include freezers or envelopes with cash of CFA five to 10 million (Global Witness, Jul. Bribery by local companies of foreign officials and bribery by foreigners of local officials are rarely punished (ICS 2012). The International Rescue Committee has assisted CAR throughout its current crisis despite the high risk to aid workers. 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